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On the Twelfth Night: the Coming of the Christmas Witch

The last night of the Yuletide is approaching, although when exactly it is depends on whom you ask. For much of Europe, it’s the Eve of Epiphany, January 5th. On this night, Perchta descends from the Alps to visit homes in Bavaria and Austria. In Italy, the Christmas Witch called La Befana leaves gifts for…

To Ride Through the Air on a Very Fine Gandr: The Staff as a Magical Tool in Fairy Tales

I’ve been reading Claude Lecouteux’s Witches, Werewolves and Fairies: Shapeshifters and Astral Doubles in the Middle Ages, which I was lucky enough to find at my local library. It’s a fantastic examination of the Double (also variously called the fylgja, familiar, fetch, etc., depending on where you’re looking) and the role it played in medieval and…